Schooling of Expatriate Children - Infography 2019
The Caisse des Français de l'Étranger (CFE) and Expat Communication published the first results of the third wave of their 2019 barometer in early June. This detailed analysis makes it possible to measure the impact of international mobility on the lives and careers of expatriates and to scan many clichés. For this first infography, Expat Communication chooses to deal with the subject of the education system: which schools are chosen by expatriate parents? For what reasons? What do they do on the way back? Which impact does this have on the family's life? Thanks to our Expat Lab Project Manager, Caroline de Courcel, and to you, 7600 expatriates who answered our survey, we can now offer precise answers to these questions.
First observation: a large majority of children follow their parents to their country of expatriation. This specificity is also a positive element, since the presence of children is a very positive factor for parents' integration.
We have studied the 3 most represented school curricula:
1) The French school curriculum
2) The local school curriculum
3) The international school curriculum
4) The school system upon return from expatriation
5) Secondary education of expatriate children
6) The impact of the school on the socialization of parents
1) THE FRENCH SCHOOL CURRICULUM
The French education system is popular with French expatriate parents.
The French system is chosen by 60% of French expatriate parents for at least one of their children. It is important to recall that we interviewed expatriates in 154 countries and that among them, only 5% responded that their educational choice had to be made by default in the absence of any other local offer. Parents who choose the French system move more often than those who choose the local system. The major advantage of the French system lies in the continuity of schooling for families in frequent mobility.
2) THE LOCAL SCHOOL SYSTEM
1 in 3 French expatriate parents choose the local school system of the host country for at least one of their children. This choice of location is explained by: the geographical proximity of the school for 58%, a personal development of the child for 46% and for the language of instruction for 35%.
The education of children sent to local schools is financed in 69% of cases by the parents themselves. Financial considerations are one of the main reasons for choosing a local curriculum for 22% of the parents surveyed.
3) THE INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL SYSTEM
1 parent in 5 chooses the international system for at least one of their children.
The International Baccalaureat (IB) remains the international system most followed by the French who have chosen an international curriculum with 53% of children, followed by the English "British School" system with 33%. The education of children sent to another international system is financed in 55% of cases by the company of one of the parents, but 48% of the parents finance it themselves.
4) THE BASE SYSTEM ON RETURN FROM EXPATRIATION
On return, the reality is different: only 13% of children are still in school in the international system. The cost of these schools is at stake, the end of the company's responsibility for schooling and, above all, the scarcity of places in international schools.
5) SECONDARY EDUCATION FOR EXPATRIATE CHILDREN
What impact does this have on the future of expatriate children? Does taking children abroad mean that they will also be expatriated as adults? While 54% of French expatriate children study in France, the rest are roughly equally divided between those who remain in the host country and those who study in a third country.
6) THE IMPACT OF THE SCHOOL ON THE SOCIALIZATION OF THEIR PARENTS
Finally, the school plays an important role in socialization for the parents of these expatriate children. In fact, for 67% of parents, school is an important factor in social integration and promotes the creation of friendly bonds abroad.
Expat Communication conducted this survey by survey on the Internet, from 15 February to 30 April 2019, among adults of all nationalities who have lived or are living an expatriation experience of at least one year.
The total number of answers is sometimes more than 100% on a question asked because respondents had several choices of answers; for example, for school choice questions: parents can have several children with different backgrounds.